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粤语常用字编码(五笔、全拼)及译意>的粤语标音

Author Zhou Renjian Create@ 2004-03-20 19:52
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发信人: KevinChan (月色光华), 信区: Cantonese
标  题: 粤语常用字编码(五笔、全拼)及译意>的粤语标音
发信站: 饮水思源 (2003年04月14日14:46:24 星期一), 站内信件

发信人: erect (现在是唯一存在), 信区: HK_MC_TW
标  题: 粤语常用字编码(五笔、全拼)及译意>的粤语标音
发信站: 北大未名站 (2002年12月29日11:49:11 星期天), 转信

我的粤语音标是按照 http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Canton2/
本文后附带拼音方案
(如有谬误,请指出)

乜mat1
: 乜(nnv、mie,2)= 什么; 例如:你有乜?=你有什么?                                                                  
廿ya6
: 廿(aghg、nian,4)= <数> 二十                                                                                       
卅saa1(应该是53调)
: 卅(gkk、sa,4)= <数> 三十                                                                                          
冇mou5
: 冇(dmb、mao,4)= 没有;例如:有冇钱?=有没有钱?                                                                   
勼gau1
: 勼(qvv、jiu,4)= 无聊;例如:戆勼勼=无聊                                                                           
闩saan1
: 闩(ugd、shuan,4)= 关;例如:闩门=关门                                                                             
甴曱zaat gaat(一般调过来读曱甴gaat zaat的)
: 甴曱(jhk、gad zad,5)= 蟑螂,查广州音字典亦作曱甴                                                                  
叼diu2 (非常粗俗,我从来不说)
: 叼(kng、diao,5)= 操                                                                                               
叻lek1
: 叻(kln、le,5)= 很棒;例如:佢啲成绩好叻啵=他的成绩很厉害呵                                                        
叱cot3 (非常粗俗,我从来不说)
: 叱(kxn、chi,5)= 助词;例如:叱头、笨叱、打叱死佢=傻瓜、笨蛋、揍死他                                               

冚ham6
: 冚(pmj、hem,5)= 全部?;例如:冚家铲=全家死光光                                                                   
氹tam5
: 氹(nii、tem,5)= 哄;例如:氹你开心=哄你开心                                                                       
攰gui3/6
: 攰(fclv、gui,6)= 累                                                                                               
吖a
: 吖(kuh、a,6)= 语气助词                                                                                            
佢keoi5
: 佢(wan、qu,6)= 他或她;例如:距系边个?=他是谁?                                                                  
奀ngan1
: 奀(gidu、en,7)= 瘦小                                                                                              
呃aak1/ngaak1
: 呃(kdbn、e,7)= 骗;例如:呃神骗鬼                                                                                 
鸠gau1
: 鸠(vqyg、jiu,7)= 粗俗用语;例如:戆叱鸠=傻X                                                                       
抦bing2
: 抦(rgmw、bing,8)= 殴打;例如:我哋去抦果条友=我们去揍那个傢伙                                                     
拎ling1
: 拎(rwyc、lin,8)= 提、拿                                                                                           
拗aau2/aau3
: 拗(rxln、ao,8)= 矛盾/抓;例如:拗痕=抓痒                                                                          
盵gap3/6
: 盵(htnn、qi,8)= 偷窥;例如:去冲凉房盵嘢=去洗澡间偷窥                                                             
咁gam3
: 咁(kafg、gan,8) = 如此、这样;例如:咁啊?=这样啊?                                                               
咗zo2
: 咗(kdag、zo,8)= 了;例如:食咗饭未?=吃了饭没有?                                                                 
畀bei3
: 畀(lgjj、bi,8)= 给,亦作俾                                                                                        
呢ne1/nei4
: 呢(knx、ne,8)= 这,亦作哩;例如:呢啲事=这些事                                                                    
籴dek6
: 籴(tyou、di,8)= 买/赶;例如:籴米/籴佢走=买米/赶他走                                                              
乸na2
: 乸(bxgu、na,8)= 雌性;例如:鸡乸=母鸡                                                                             
觇dam1
: 觇(hkmq、chan,9)= 抬;例如:觇高头=抬起头                                                                         
哋dei3
: 哋(kfbn、mi,9)= 们;例如:我哋=我们                                                                               
咦ji3/1
: 咦(kgxw、yi,9)= 感叹词,啊(表奇怪),亦作噫; 例:咦?                                                           
咯lo1
: 咯(ktkg、lo,9)= 语气助词                                                                                          
咩me1(应该是53调)
: 咩(kudh、mie,9) = 什么;例如:有咩事?=有什么事?                                                                 
咪mei2
: 咪(koy、mi,9)= 不要;例如:咪走~=不要走~                                                                          
係hei6
: 係(wtxi、xi,9)= 是;例如:係乜嚟架?=是什么东西来的?                                                             
屌diu2
: 屌(nkmh、diao,9)= 操                                                                                              
唛maak3/6
: 唛(kgty、ma,10)= 张开;例如:唛大口得个窿=张大嘴巴剩下一个洞                                                      
唓ce2
: 唓(klh、che,10)= 语气助词,表示鄙夷 =切                                                                           
哽gang2
: 哽(kgjq、geng,10)= 当然;例如:哽係=当然是                                                                        
晏aan3
: 晏(jpvf、yan,10)= 晚;例如:咁晏起身嘅?=这么晚才起床的?                                                         
唔m4/ng4
: 唔(kgkg、en,10)= 不;例如:唔係=不是                                                                              
哩le13/6
: 哩(kjf、li,10)= 语气助词,或见呢                                                                                  
?wo3/6
: ?(kkmw、无,10)= 语气助词                                                                                         
悭haan1
: 悭(njcf、qian,10)= 节省;例如:你悭啲啦=你省着点吧(你少来了)                                                    
俾bei2
: 俾(wrtf、bi,10) = 给,亦作畀;例如:你俾我啦~=你给我吧~                                                           
冧tam3/6
: 冧(pssu、lin,10)= 哄、陶醉;例如:佢冧我/要冧嚇佢=她喜欢我/要哄一下                                               

谂nam2
: 谂(ywyn、shen,10)= 想,亦作唸                                                                                     
屙o1
: 屙(nbsk、e,10)= 排泄;例如:屙尿=拉尿                                                                             
孭me1
: 孭(bmy、mie,10)=背负;例如:孭仔=背小孩                                                                           
掂dim1
: 掂(ryhk、dian,11)= 完结或状态佳之意;例如:搞掂=办妥                                                              
掟deng3/deu3
: 掟(rpgh、ding,11)= 扔                                                                                             
啩gua3
: 啩(kffh、gua,11)= 语气助词,相当于吧;例如:你唔走啩=你不走吧                                                     
啫ze1
: 啫(kftj、ze,11)= 语气助词;例如:唔係啫=不是的                                                                    
啱ngaam1
: 啱(kmdg、yan,11)= 对、合适、恰巧;例如:啱心水=合心意                                                             
啰lo1/lo4
: 啰(klqy、luo,11)= 语气助词/啰嗦                                                                                   
啋coi2
: 啋(kesy、xiao,11)= 鄙弃或愤怒,啐;例如:我啋                                                                     
唸nam2
: 唸(kwyn、nian,11)= 想,亦作谂;例如:我唸咁做唔好嘎?=我想这样做不                                                
好吧?
啖daam6
: 啖(kooy、dan,11)= 口;例如:咬一啖=咬一口                                                                         
啵bo3/1
: 啵(kihc、bo,11) = 语气助词                                                                                        
偈king1
: 偈(wjqn、ji,11)= 谈话;例如:倾偈=聊天                                                                            
豚(不清楚原文表示那个字)
: 豚(eey、tun,11)= 尽头;例如:行到豚就到=行到尽头便抵达目的地                                                      
脷lei3/6
: 脷(etjh、lei,11)= 舌头;;例如:猪脷=猪舌头                                                                       
淠duk1
: 淠(ilgj、pei,11)= 量词;例如:一淠屎=一堆屎                                                                       
渌luk6
: 渌(iviy、lu,11)= 用水煮东西;例如:渌生菜                                                                         
靓leng3
: 靓(gemq、liang,12)= 漂亮或表示幼稚; 例如:靓仔=帅哥/小子                                                         
揾wan2
: 揾(rjlg、wen,12)= 找、挣;例如:揾食=谋生                                                                         
靸(我没听过这种说法)
: 靸(afey、sa,12)= 把鞋后帮踩在脚踭下拖着,穿拖鞋;例如:靸鞋                                                       
睇tai2
: 睇(huxt、ti/ di,12)= 看;例如:睇电视=看电视                                                                      
喇laa1
: 喇(kgkj、la,12)= 语气助词                                                                                         
喊haam3
: 喊(kdgt、han,12)= 哭;例如:唔好喊喇=不要哭啦                                                                     
喺hei2
: 喺(kwti、bei,12)= 在;例如:喺边度?=在哪里?                                                                     
啲di1
: 啲(krqy、di,12)= 的、少许;例如:畀啲钱佢=给一点钱他                                                              
喼gep3/6
: 喼(kqvn、gib,12)= 夹;例如:皮喼=皮包                                                                             
嗟ze1
: 嗟(kuda、jue,12)= 语气助词,感叹声; 例如:嗟~好吧毙咩?=切~很了不                                                
起么?
嘅ge3
: 嘅(kvcq、ge,12)= 的;例如:你嘅道服呢?=你的道服呢?                                                              
喔wo3/6
: 喔(kngf、wo,12)= 语气助词                                                                                         
焯zoek3  (不太肯定是不是这个词)
: 焯(ohjh、chao,12)= 放在开水中略煮一下;例如:白焯基尾虾                                                           
蒲pou4
: 蒲(aigy、pu,13)= 泡,出现;例如:蒲吧/蒲头=泡吧/出现                                                              
搣mit1
: 搣(rdgt、mie,13)= 用手撕;例如:将啲橙搣开=将这些橙撕开                                                            
摁an3
: 摁(rldn、en,13)= 用手按压;例如:摁钉=按钉                                                                        
踭zaang1
: 踭(khqh、zheng,13)= 脚根;例如:脚踭                                                                              
嗮sai1
: 嗮(kjsg、sai,13)= 浪费,同嘥;例如:嗮料=浪费材料                                                                 
嗰go2
: 嗰(kwld、go,13)= 那;例如:嗰啲=那些                                                                              
嗱la1
: 嗱(kwgr、na,13)= 叹词;例如:无嗱嗱,多哒疤=没有来头就多了一道疤痕                                                

嗌aai3
: 嗌(kuwl、ai,13)= 叫;例如:唔好嗌佢去果度=不要叫她去那里                                                          
锡sek3
: 锡(qjqr、xi,13)= 亲,爱护;例如:锡番淡先=亲一口再说                                                              
腯dat1
: 腯(erfh、tu,13)= 肥胖;例如:呢个细路仔块面肥腯腯=这个小朋友的脸儿                                                
胖胖的
嫐nau1
: 嫐(vllv、nao,13)= 生气,同嬲                                                                                      
摞lo2
: 摞(rlxi、luo,14)= 拿,亦作攞                                                                                      
閪(我好像没听过)
: 閪(usd、seo,14)= 粗俗用语,同嚡                                                                                   
嘞lak3/la3
: 嘞(kafl、la/ le,14)= 语气助词                                                                                     
嘈cou4
: 嘈(kgmj、cao,14)= 吵;例如:嘈乜鬼=吵什么东西                                                                     
嘎gaa4
: 嘎(kdha、ga,14)= 语气助词;例如:唔系咁嘎~= 不是这样的~                                                           
踎mau1
: 踎(khgk、meo,14)= 蹲/混;例如:你哋踎响度做乜嘢=你们蹲在这里干什么                                                

嘢ye2
: 嘢(kjfb、ge,14)= 东西;例如:有嘢睇=有东西看                                                                      
嘥sai3/6
: 嘥(kthh、sai,14)= 浪费、错过;例:咁好嘅机会嘥咗=这么好的机会错过了                                               

嗻ze1
: 嗻(kyao、zhe,14)= 语气助词;例如:我先至23嗻=我才23呀~                                                            
遮ze1
: 遮(yaop、zhe,14)= 雨伞                                                                                            
潎sim2
: 潎(iumt、pie,14)= 闪,走人                                                                                        
撚(我好像没听过这种说法)
: 撚(rqdo、nian,15)= 粗俗用语,亦作卵;例如:咁撚死样=这个死样子                                                    
噶gaa1
: 噶(kajn、ga,15)= 语气助词                                                                                         
撩liu1/liu4
: 撩(rdui、liao,15)= 挑逗;例如:撩是斗非=若是生非                                                                  
瞓fan3/6
: 瞓(hykh、fen,15)= 睡;例如:眼瞓=困顿                                                                             
噏ngap1/ap1
: 噏(kwgn、xi,15)= 唠叨; 例如:发噏疯=胡说八道                                                                     
噃bo3
: 噃(ktol、fan,15)= 语气助词,有劝告意味;例如:唔好咁噃=不要这样啦                                                 
嚄wo6
: 嚄(kawc、wo,16)= 语气助词                                                                                         
噫ji2
: 噫 (kujn、yi,16)= 啊,亦作咦                                                                                        
膶jeon2
: 膶(eugg、yen,16)= 肝,避“干”讳;例如:鸡膶=鸡肝                                                                 
嬲nau5
: 嬲(llvl、niao,17)= 生气/一向,亦作嫐;例如:我好嬲/必嬲喺咁嘅=我很                                                
生气/向来都是这样的
罅laa3
: 罅(rmhh、xia,17)= 缝隙;例如:门罅=门缝                                                                           
餸sung3/6
: 餸(wyvp、song,17)= 菜;例如:买餸煮饭=买菜做饭                                                                    
孻lai1
: 孻(bvhl、nai,17)= 幼子;例如:孻仔                                                                                
嚡(我没听过这种说法,可能是hai4)
: 嚡(kaff、hai,18)= 涩、粗糙,亦作粗俗用字同閪;例如:条俐好嚡=舌头很                                               

嚟lei4
: 嚟(ktqi、li,18)= 来;例如:入嚟=进来                                                                              
嚤mo1
: 嚤(kysr、mo,18)= 慢;例如:佢行得好嚤啵=她走得很慢呢                                                              
罉caang1
: 罉(rmir、cang,18)= 平底锅;例如:锑罉=锑锅                                                                        
邋遢laat6taat3
: 邋遢(vljn、la ta,18)= 不干净;例如:邋遢猫                                                                        
嚫can1
: 嚫(kusq、chen,19)= 着;例如:吓嚫你=吓着你                                                                        
嚿gau3
: 嚿(kawv、huo,20)= 量词,块;例如:一嚿云=一片云彩                                                                 
攞lo2
: 攞(rlxy、luo,22)= 拿,亦作摞;例如:攞嘢=拿东西                                                                   
蠧duk1
: 蠧(fpdj、du,24)= 量词;例如:一蠧尿=一把尿                                                                        

--------------------- 粤语拼音方案 --------------------------
声母表:
  b  p  m  f    d  t  n  l
  g  k  ng h    z  c  s
  gw kw         j  w

说明:ng等于国语的ng,等于英语的ng,只是做为声母
     kw等于国语的guan的gu
     gw等于国语的kuan的ku
     j 等于国语的y,等于英语的[j]
     z,c,s应该像国语的j,q,x那样
     n 年青广东人都经常把 n 发成 l 了
-----------------
韵母表:
  aa   a    e    i    o    oe   eo   u    yu   m     ng
  aai  ai   ei        oi        eoi  ui
  aau  au   eu   iu   ou
  aam  am   em   im
  aan  an   en   in   on        eon  un    yun
  aang ang  eng  ing  ong  oeng      ung
  aap  ap   ep   ip
  aat  at   et   it   ot        eot  ut    yut
  aak  ak   ek   ik   ok   oek       uk

说明:aa像国语的a(口张得大一点),像英语的[a:]
      a 像国语的a(口张得小一点),
        像英语的[v^],(^表示把前一字母倒过来看),即but中的u的音
      e 等于英语的[e]
      o 等于国语的o,等于英语的[c^]
      oe等于法语的[oe],像国语的yue中的ue,其实是嘴唇变圆然后发[e]
        比较难发,我觉得oeng大约可发成[ec^ng],
      eo等于法语的[o/]([o]中音加一撇),其实是嘴唇变圆然后发[ei]
        比较难发,我觉得可以u代替它.如eoi发成ui
      yu等于国语的yu,等于法语的[y]
      m 作单独的韵母,即闭着口,从鼻子呼气
      ng作单独的韵母,作出ng的口形,从鼻子呼气,年青广东人都发成 m 了
      ui是[u]+[i],注意:国语的ui是uei的简写,而粤语是真的[ui]
      un是[u]+[n],注意:国语的un是uen的简写,而粤语是真的[un]
      iu是[i]+[u],注意:国语的iu是iou的简写,而粤语是真的[iu]
-----------------
音调:

    1调(55) 2调(35) 3调(33) 4调(31) 5调(13) 6调(11)
  5 ------      /
  3           /     ------  \          /
  2                          \        /
  1                           \      /       -----

--
鸣谢
http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Canton2/
http://www.yueyu.net

--
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  、   、 、 、、 、   、  、 、                                                                                       
   ●        相识在雨天        ╭○╮                                                                                  
  /█\       分手               /█\         &

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